Alpaca Fiber

Each Altamira garment is made of one of the finest luxury fibers in the world: baby alpaca.

The alpaca is one of the two high Andean camelids domesticated in the world and where Peru stands out as the first producer of its fine fiber in the world, having 87% of the world population, with more than 3.6 million specimens.

The alpaca has become synonymous with fine, high-quality wool, used in the elegant world of haute couture, it is one of the warmest and finest, second only to the vicuña. It has the fiber with the greatest chromatic variety that exists in the world of weaving, from white to black, passing through chestnuts and grays. Adding to its warmth and softness, this quality was the inspiration and basis for the Andean textile, especially the Inca.

Alpacas are intelligent and highly trainable animals. They can learn commands, hand signals, and tricks. They are also herding animals, and as such, they require other alpacas for their socialization and safety. Likewise, they vary in height from 2-3 feet and their weight is between 165-187 Lb. Their heads are small and rounded, with tiny ears, large eyes, and a sweet expression.

Altamira’s garments are made with alpaca fibers whose shearing process has been improved, making them friendly and without causing harm to this Camelid.

Peruvian Alpaca Fiber Benefits

  • Lighter and warmer than wool.
  • Breathable and hypoallergenic.
  • Luxuriously soft to the touch with a silky sheen.
  • Lighter, more comfortable, and versatile to wear.
  • It grows naturally in dozens of beautiful shades.
  • Alpaca fiber promotes sustainable agriculture in the Peruvian Andes.


Alpaca Breeds


Huacaya The Huacaya is the predominant type of Alpaca. Its fine and voluminous fiber offers the widest variety of natural tones. The huacayas have a harmonious constitution that gives the appearance of strength and grace. In addition, they are cold-resistant, strong and robust animals whose medium-length fleece has a fluffy appearance. Also, about 90% of the current herds of the alpaca population in Peru are huacayas. 


Suri is the least predominant type of Alpaca. It has a long and silky shiny fiber. Its wool is produced in a smaller variety of natural shades: white, beige, and light brown. The Suri’s build has a distinctive appearance due to its long, curly hair.

About 10% of the Alpaca population in Peru are Suri. Suri Alpacas are slender and delicate, with long, shaggy hair that often reaches almost to the ground. Their young are weak and, at birth, they are affected by low temperatures and by changes in climate and food.

Alpaca Fiber Characteristics

It is a camelid from the Peruvian Andes, being one of the fibers with more variety of natural color that exists in the world of weaving. In addition, thanks to its versatility, different types of garments can be created.

Also, it has 26-27 microns, and represents 40% of the total alpaca production.
It represents only 6% of the total alpacas. It is smaller than the huacaya, has a very fine fleece that covers it like a mantle, which is formed by long wicks up to 16 cm. in length. These fall vertically on the neck and around the entire body, giving it a unique beauty and elegance.

Also, it has 22-23 microns long, silky and sparse fiber. In addition, it represents 0.5% of the total alpaca production.
It refers to the classification of the fineness of the fiber. It is the softest part of an adult alpaca (usually the chest), not the age of the animal.

Also, it has 22-23 microns, and 22 natural colors. In addition, It represents 25% of the total alpaca production.
It is the best selection obtained from the best alpaca fiber of two breeds: Suri and Huacaya. It is made by expert hands of artisans, and then goes through a technical process, in which the finest, softest and warmest fiber is chosen. In addition, this fantastic fiber has a magnificent tonal range.

Also, the finest fiber from Huacaya represents a 2% discount on total alpaca production, and it has 18-19 microns.
It is the best selection of alpaca in the world because it has a unique softness to the touch and a subtle shine.

Also, the fiber in this exclusive selection has a fineness of 16 microns, a world record for alpaca fiber.

Did you know?...

The camelid family is not only made up of camels and dromedaries, but also llamas and vicuñas. Learn more with us about the family background of these ancient animals through the chart below.